Fact-finding survey concerning Machine to Machine (M2M) communication services — Final Report
AGCOM, Fact-finding survey concerning Machine to Machine (M2M) communication services — Final Report, Annex A to decision no. 120/15/CONS
|Abstract|| This document is an analysis
for the identification of the possible scenarios, the risks, the impacts on the market, and the regulation that could follow the massive widespread of M2M services.
|Topics||Business Model, Competition, Technology, Interoperability|
P. 68 ss.: Interoperability, interconnection and change of service provider.
At present, M2M/IoT services to which the concept of the change of operators is applicable have not been identified, nor have elements supporting the introduction of new obligations been identified. Nevertheless, it is hoped that in the future services of public importance will be widespread (for example, in the fields of eHealth, eLearning, etc.) and that, as in the case of telephony, it will be possible to benefit from the possibility of changing the service provider. The development of these scenarios would be facilitated if adequate coordination of the European Digital Agenda and of the relative national initiatives were guaranteed. The possibility of changing operator can be proposed if a market of end services becomes affirmed and if common standards are adopted, as in the case of voice telephony, both fixed and mobile.
P. 25 ss.: M2M business models and financing sources.
"Despite the variegated nature of the IoT context, certain common lines can be identified in the development of the sector, as well as certain business models (so-called patterns) which appear to be specifically designed for the M2M market. With regard to the development lines, there is a tendency, already highlighted previously, to "conquer the centre" of the value chain. The multiplication of the interactions between the different levels and the various players of the value chain gives a significant advantage for those who succeed in taking the role of intermediary between the various components. In fact, in all the main vertical segments considered (connected cars, smart meters, etc.), the role of the integrator stands out, i.e. the subject which, exploiting his/her own expertise and assets, presents him/herself as a unifying subject of the different requests. It is also to be noted that the role of platform provider can be carried out both by network operators and by device manufacturers (as in the case of smart meters), and by service and content providers (as in the case of connected cars). [...] With regard to the specific development models (the so-called patterns), a possible classification is that based on the most involved actor involved in the role of platform operator (telcos, OTTs, utility, etc.)."
The different patterns illustrated by the Report show are:
- a telco supplying platform, service and access;
- a device manufacturer supplying the device, the platform and the app;
- a platform (i.e. an M2M service aggregator) providing the platform and the app;
- a service supplier providing the service, the platform, the device and the app (this is the case of a "vertically integrated proprietary solution", which excludes access).