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Internet of Things. Applicazioni, sicurezza e riservatezza dei dati personali +N.B. '''Today, device connectivity (also when these devices are "traditional objects" equipped with computational capacities) is a requirement, an essential feature, and not an extra.'''  +


LG Will Take The 'Smart' Out Of Your Smart TV If You Don't Agree To Share Your Viewing And Search Data With Third Parties +The use of most of the smart features of the TV requires the creation of an LG SmartWorld Account: ''"For example, some of our services require that you become a member of LG SmartWorld, which may be subject to separate terms. You may join LG SmartWorld either through your LG Smart TV or by other means, such as through certain LG websites. This Membership Information may include your user ID, password, telephone number, name, date of birth, gender, email address, address, social networking service ID, security question answers, purchase history, and related payment information, such as credit card information or details of your PayPal account and more."''  +


Payment Method Design: Psychological and Economic Aspects of Payments +<u>We may try to apply this research to the current trend of the IoT market, in which - even if there is actually along-time relationship between the provider and the consumer - usually the payment is a lump-sum at the moment in which the consumer acquires the possession of the token that makes the service possible. Among the reasons for the business model chosen, there might be the consumer's ''pain of paying'': paying for the token could be considered the equivalent of a subscription, in which you pay once and for all, and in which therefore consumer's pain of paying is reduced. Businesses should thus prefer this form of payment, because - given that consumers prefer it, rather than pay-per-use (and also, as an intermediary step, periodical fees) - they will more willing to conclude the contract and subsequently to use the product frequently and for a long time. And - considering the fact that often the business model of the firm is focused on the collection of data rather than on the commercialization of the hardware - this kind of approach may be susceptible to foster a greater data collection. The problems are, however, that: 1) when physical objects are concerned, and consumers pay once and for all for them, they think to be able to use them permanently: even if the free paired service ceases to be provided after a period long enough to reward the sum paid for the hardware, consumers will claim against the supervened unusability of the product; 2) even if, unofficially, the sum is paid for the service, officially it is paid for the token: therefore, if the service ceases to be provided before a period of time sufficient to remunerate the lump-sum paid, nothing will be returned to the consumer, and usually the standard terms accompanying the product even state that the service could be discontinued at any time and for any reason. Someone may complain about the fact that, in the adaptation of this study to the IoT world, I have approached the periodical fees to the pay-per-use, considering the fact that - in traditional services - the opposite of pay per use is subscription (i.e. periodical fees; think about the flat rates paid to network operators). But traditional services have from the start been considered as "services", where the alternative payment methods could be subscription and pay-per-use (even in the world of contracts for Internet provision, where we have a service + a token - which is the router -, the router has always been seen as a tool to access the service); on the contrary, when dealing with the IoT, the products concerned are traditional items - which have always been subject alternatively to sale or rental - that suddenly become smart and susceptible of providing services: therefore, in consumers' view, the payment method consisting in periodical fees is not the payment method that reduces the most the pain of paying, because there is a further method which causes lesser pain, i.e. a lump-sum paid once and for all.</u>  +